vlookup formula in excel with example

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Requirement Summary

In this section, we will delve into the VLOOKUP function in Excel and provide a detailed explanation along with an example to illustrate its usage.

Code Generated

=VLOOKUP(lookup_value, table_array, col_index_num, [range_lookup])

Code Explanation

The VLOOKUP function in Excel is a powerful tool for searching for a value in the first column of a table array and returning a value in the same row from a specified column. Let’s break down the parameters of the VLOOKUP function:

  • lookup_value: This is the value to search for in the first column of the table array.
  • table_array: This is the range of cells that contains the data. The VLOOKUP function searches for the lookup_value in the first column of this range.
  • col_index_num: This parameter specifies the column number in the table_array from which the matching value should be returned. For example, if you want to retrieve a value from the third column of the table array, you would use 3 as the col_index_num.
  • [range_lookup]: This is an optional parameter that specifies whether you want an exact match or an approximate match. If TRUE or omitted, an approximate match is returned. If FALSE, an exact match is required.

Now, let’s illustrate the VLOOKUP function with an example. Suppose we have a table with student names in column A and their corresponding scores in column B. We want to find the score of a student named “Alice”. We can use the following formula:

=VLOOKUP("Alice", A1:B10, 2, FALSE)

In this example:

  • lookup_value: “Alice”
  • table_array: A1:B10
  • col_index_num: 2 (to retrieve the score from the second column)
  • [range_lookup]: FALSE (for an exact match)

When you enter this formula in a cell, Excel will search for “Alice” in column A of the table array A1:B10 and return the corresponding score from column B.

That’s the essence of the VLOOKUP function in Excel. It’s a handy tool for quickly retrieving data based on a lookup value within a table array.

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